Joanne B. Freeman M.A., Ph.D.

Professor of History and American Studies


The American Founding, founding fathers, early American politics and elections, political violence, 18th & 19th centuries, duels, the culture of Congress before the Civil War, Alexander Hamilton


I work on the culture of politics in the 18th and 19th centuries: how politics worked on a ground level; how elite politicians fought political battles; how they fought each other (with guns and knives, as well as otherwise); how they improvised the national government into being in the 1790s; how they tried to hold that government together in the 1840s and 1850s; how they contributed to the coming of the Civil War. Political violence is a major component of my work.